Age spots are also known as liver spots and are pigmentation marks on the surface of sun damaged skin. Since they are caused by sun exposure, age spots are scientifically called solar lentingines. These present color varying from brown, gray and black. The sizes are from the size of a freckle to larger spots that are centimeter across. Normally, age spots form in a cluster, but there are also those than stand alone.
Body parts that are exposed to the sun regularly are usually the first to show age spots. Typically, shoulders, face, arms, and hands are susceptible areas. Age spots normally appear in people who are more than 40 years old. Nonetheless, those who are younger may also experience age spots depending on the amount of sun exposure over the years.
In order to verify whether the mark is an age spot or if it is a more serious skin condition, consulting a skin specialist is a must. There is normally an increase in the pigmentation in the skin when there is an age spot. An age spot typically has a flat and elongated look.
Being raised, multi-colored and irregularly shaped are warning signs and you must see a dermatologist to determine whether the brown spot is a more serious mark or not. You can request for assistance from a physician in determining this. Always remember that having a harmful mark may be tantamount to a health risk.
By means of using sunscreens you can prevent age spots, although you cannot reverse the sun damage from years ago but sunscreen will minimise any further damage. Sunscreens are able to prevent the ultraviolet rays produced by the sun. The skin becomes dark because of melanin. Without an aid on protecting the skin from UV rays, there is a maximization of melanin production in the skin.
Genetics may also be a contributor to the development of age spots. Those who have freckles or fair skin are more prone to have dark spots like this. Conversely, those who have lighter skins have less natural protection from the UV rays.
Appearance of age spots in the skin may also be attributed to aging itself. There is an apparent melanin production increase due to aging. An uneven skin complexion is considered to be as aging as wrinkles.
Age spots can be removed in many ways. In spite of their being harmless to the body, age spots are considered by many people to be unattractive. Treatment options include cryotherapy, dermabrasion, laser removal, chemical skin peels and age spot removal cream. However, proactive prevention like the utilization of broad-spectrum sunscreens is recommended by skin doctors over expensive treatments.