Sunburn

As most people around the world know, continuous exposure of your skin to the harsh conditions of the sun will likely result in sunburn.  Sunburn is a skin condition that is not lethal, but it can be quite painful in moderate cases and very uncomfortable.  Severe sunburn cases may take minor medical provisions, but they are usually not significantly harmful in most cases.  However, while a sunburn on occasion may not be a large deal, sunburns on a regular basis can lead to skin cancer.

As science has expanded exponentially over the last one hundred years, we have a good deal of knowledge about the sun and about the damage to the ozone layer.  Damage to the ozone layer over the last sixty years has led more to be wary to their overexposure of the sun as the damage done to the ozone layer has allowed more harsh ultraviolet rays to penetrate the atmosphere.  Over the decades, people have been cautioned to spend less and less time in the sun if they can and if they cannot help but to spend time in the sun, they are cautioned that they must wear a proper  sun block to protect themselves from the sun’s ultraviolet rays.  Over the years, you have likely seen pictures of those who never heeded this warning over the course of their lives and their skin in older age looks leathery and unattractive.  However, for those who have spent years in the sun without proper protection and have leathery skin are lucky to have leathery, coarse skin as the alternative is skin cancer.  Those who did not heed the warning of scientists and other specialists about the sun over the years may never have been aware that a sunburn is actually a radiation burn from the sun and not a heat burn.  Of course, radiation burns are significantly more damaging in most cases than heat burn.  The sun’s ultraviolet ray’s can damage the skin through penetration without the individual ever really feeling that their skin is overheating until it is too late.

Sunburn is considered to be an immediate type of sun damage and the effects may not be noticed by an individual until several hours after the exposure time.  The skin will redden and a burning sensation is is likely to follow and these uncomfortable feeling may last a duration of twenty-four hours or more, depending on the severity of the sunburn.  Obviously, the more severe the sunburn is, the longer it will take to heal.  Sunburn treatment should really start with sunburn prevention.  It is wise to locate the safest and most effective sun blocks that will not harm your skin with harmful ingredients and who will protect you effectively from the sun’s UV rays.  Prevention of these burns is a step towards prevention of a terrible cancer.

Image Credit: http://www.sxc.hu/profile/alifarid

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Oily Skin

Oily skin can be linked to both genetics and hormonal imbalance and can cause acne and other skin problems.  Statistics show that over three million adult in the United States alone suffer problems with excessive oily skin.  While oily skin is not painful, it is annoying, embarrassing and can lead to acne problems which can become painful in serious cases.  Those who have oily skin can approach reducing the occurrence of excess oils on their skin in several ways.

Oily skin can be caused by many factors like many other skin conditions and problems.  When the sebaceous glands in an individual are in overdrive, oily skin will be a problem.  The sebaceous glands are those that produce the oils that are found on our faces and in our hair.  The oils are produced to protect our hair and skin, but an over abundance of these oils can lead to problems.  Scalp dermatitis, acne, enlarged pores and even psoriasis, in some cases, can be caused by these glands going into overdrive and producing too much oil.  These glands may go into overdrive because of certain foods, common allergies, too much humidity, reactions to certain chemicals in products we use and even as a reaction to heat.  Therefore, a person who suffers from oily skin will need to learn what is causing their glands to go into overdrive and tackle the problem from there.  Many studies have been conducted on how to control oily skin and the over production of sebum, which is the term for the oils in our pores.  Unfortunately, there is now always a lot we can do to control certain triggers that cause the glands to go into overdrive, especially when genetics are the main cause of the over active glands.

Those who have problems with oily skin can find solutions in for some of their problems with over the counter products.  There are special facial cleansers, toners and masks that are designed to treat and absorb excessive oils and offer a certain control of the oils.  These products can also be bought specialized for sensitive faces so that there are no further irritations to the skin.  Cutting down on certain foods and drinks will help to reduce the production of oils as well.

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Printing New Skin: Saving Lives with Ink Jet Printers

By modifying an ink jet printer and growing skin cells from a patient’s body, a U.S. Army research lab has developed an amazing treatment for severe burns: printing new skin.

Once the patient’s skin cells are in a sterile ink cartridge, a computer uses a three dimensional map of the wound to guide the printing.

“The bio-printer drops each type of cell precisely where it needs to go,” explains Kyle Binder, a biomedical scientist at the Armed Forces Institute of Regenerative Medicine’s Wake Forest lab. “The wound gets filled in and then those cells become new skin.”

Source: YouTube – labtvonline

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What You Need To Know About Sun Protection Cream

Whenever you are out in the sun, it is a must for you to keep an eye on your skin health. Those who have fair skin must be more cautious for they are the ones who are more prone of being affected by the harmful rays of the sun.

The first thing you have to know is the reason why the skin gets tanned when one stays under the heat of the sun. It is because of the melanin that the skin becomes tanned. There is a distinct formation of melanin for every person. This is the reason why some people have their skins darkened faster than other people. Your location as well as the type of your skin are factors that affect the level of skin darkening. The closer you are to the equator,  the hotter your place is.

Sun protection creams work in various ways for the protection of our skin against the harmful rays of the sun. Physical and chemical sun filters go in mixtures on most of the sun protection creams that are out in the market while there are those with just either of the two.

Sun filters function in penetrating the skin and absorbing the rays of the sun. The damage is avoided because the harmful rays of the sun do not go through the lower layers of the skin. Chemical filters function in protecting the skin from damage. Also, physical sun filters function as reflector on top of the skin evident in the thin membranes.

Sun protection creams are helpful in protecting the skin against ultraviolet type A rays or UVA rays and ultraviolet type B rays or UVB rays. These sun protection creams can also be called broad spectrum sunscreens. The damage done by ultraviolet type B rays involves the burning of the topmost layer of the skin that may lead to skin cancer. Ultraviolet type A rays, on the other hand, do not burn but they go through into the skin which affect aging.

The strength of the sun protection cream is measured by the acronym SPF meaning sun protection factor. But then again, it does not mean that you can go out in the sun for longer with higher SPF because it can lead to the invasion of UVA rays. When buying a sun protection cream, you must rely on your skin type. The most recommended level of SPF is 15 for many individuals.

Sun damage leads to a multitude of ageing signs such as age spots, liver spots, wrinkles, pigmentation, and not to mention life threatening conditions – skin cancer. Be sure to always adequately protect your skin when out in the sun using SPF and also by taking shade under an umbrella or by wearing a hat and lightweight clothing.

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Types Of Skin Pigmentation

Skin pigmentation is a disorder that affects the color balance of the skin cells affected by melanin production. Once damaged or considered as unhealthy, skin cells can under or make too many amounts of Melanin. Darkness or lightness of the skin’s color is reliant on the amount of Melanin created by the skin cells. Having no stable color pigment produced, various skin spots of different shades tend to appear unevenly on the skin. Overproduction of Melanin can cause darker skin spots and the under production of it produce lighter spots.

Natural causes like pregnancy, self inflicted cases like no ample sun protection to diseases such as Addison’s disease are the most common causes of skin pigmentation. There are many forms of skin pigmentation conditions and the most common ones are Melasma, Solar Lentigo and Vitiligo. Cases can range from Epidermal and Dermal conditions. Epidermal is a classification where only the external skin layer is affected by skin pigmentation. Dermal on the other hand is a classification where the discoloration goes deeper into the skin tissue.

Dark spots commonly found on the face would be categorized as a condition known as Melasma. Common known causes of melasma would be excessive sun exposure and pregnancy. Remedies for Melasma are usually through the application of topical chemical peels for subtle cases while more elevated cases may undergo diamond peels and even laser treatments.

Age, liver or sun spots are usually noted by most as a natural skin condition but these are actually classified as a form of skin pigmentation medically known as Solar Lentigo. Solar Lentigo is basically due to overexposure to the sun without the right protection. Solar Lentigo is normal for those over the age of 50. This condition, though it may look normal, would need to be treated with more advanced measures like cryosurgery and laser.

Very little Melanin creation leads to lighter patches on the skin which is a skin ailment termed as Vitiligo. More advanced cases can lead to intensified whitening of patches covering various areas in the skin, which will be the complete opposite of the natural skin color. Those that have darker skin tones are most likely to acquire this kind of skin condition. There is still no actual known cause determined by experts on this type of skin condition. There are many cases that may be the reason for this type of skin pigmentation such as sun burns, genetic and hereditary cases, immunologic and even neurogenic factors.

For all known causes of skin pigmentation, the most frequent factor would be because of sun exposure. Without the proper amount of sun protection, skin cells are most likely to be ruined. Sun screens with high SPF formulation are the best sun protection recommended.

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Boots No 7 & Botanics for £1

Creams and potions which sell for up to £8 in the Boots No 7 and Botanics ranges are being sold under the ‘Pure’ brand in the discount outlet Poundland for just £1 with its own labels pasted over the original Boots branding. Boots has begun an investigation.

Boots was first told about the problem at least eight weeks ago, but the products were still on Poundland shelves all over the country yesterday. So hurry to grab your bargains before they sell out or are removed!

Boots’ £8 beauty creams disguised with different labels and sold in discount stores for just £1

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Impetigo

Impetigo is both a skin condition and a bacterial infection.  Impetigo is classified as highly contagious and can be transferred from an infected person to a healthy person if a healthy person is to simply touch items belonging to the other.  Generally, impetigo affects children between the ages of three to six, but has been known to travel to people of all ages.  One can recognize impetigo if they spot red blisters around the mouth or nose of a person or themselves and these blisters will later break out and form a sort of crusty, yellow layer on and around the affected area.  In certain cases of bullous impetigo, the blisters may be quite larger in size and will take an extended period of time to break open.  Note that impetigo can be classified into one of three types, which are:  Bullous impetigo, non-bullous impetigo and ecthyma.

Impetigo infections can occur when a type of staph bacteria like Staphylococcus Aureus penetrates a human’s system through some sort of breakage in the skin.  This breakage of skin which is used by the bacteria to penetrate into the host can be caused by any number of occurrences such as insect bites, wounds and any other occurrence that results in even the slightest breakage of the skin.  When the bacteria locate breakage in host skin, they will attempt to damage the protein binding between the host’s skin cells and will work to spread to the rest of the body.  As fore mentioned, a person can easily come into contact with the bacteria left from an infected personal through the most simple personal items and even not so personal items, so be wary, especially of anyone you know to be infected.  Extreme cases of impetigo have led to severe complications such as PSGN and to other staph infections like MRSA.

Depending on the severity and the type of impetigo, there are various treatments.  Both oral antibiotics and bacterial ointments will be used depending on the condition and severity of the infection.  If the impetigo infection is on the mild side, a doctor will likely recommend certain bactericidal ointments which will be applied to the affected area or areas.  On the other hand, if the infection is severe or deadly, oral antibiotics will likely be applied to the case instead.  Prevention is one of the best tools to use against a bacterial infection of this caliber.

Two famous celebrity Impetigo sufferers are Amy Winehouse and Pete Doherty. Click their name to see a photo!

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Dry Skin

Dry skin, also known as xerosis, like all skin conditions, can be excessively annoying, hard to get rid of, unsightly and even painful in severe cases.  People may notice, especially those who experience the winter season where they live, may start to notice that the soft and elastic skin that they had been experiencing is now turning rough to the touch.  Even worse, dry skin is not just skin that is rough to the touch, but it can also include several other unwanted symptoms.  For instance, cracking, bleeding and flaking are all common for those who experience moderate to severe dry skin.

Dry skin can occur on any place of the body, however, it is especially prone to occurring on the face, legs and forearms, as these parts of the skin are most often exposed for most people.  Dry skin can come out of nowhere for some people and there are many factors that can cause dry skin, or xerosis.  Healthy skin will have a layer of lipids, or fatty substances, which work to keep moisture in the skin.  When healthy skin begins to show signs and symptoms of dry skin, something has caused the lipids layer to be stripped from the skin.  Of course, once these lipids are gone from the skin, the skin will be completely unprotected and at the mercy of environmental factors, bacteria or viral factors and many other unwanted problematic situations.  If the dry skin persists once you have made some possible changes to the products you use, food you eat or other daily life activities, xerosis may now be out of your personal control.

While dry skin is most often considered a minor problem that can be remedied with some lifestyle changes, but there are many situations where dry skin is left untreated and will lead to dermatitis.  Dermatitis is not a skin condition that anyone would possible want to opt for, and should be avoided, of course.  Dermatitis is the inflammation of skin which can eventually lead to swelling and infection if left unchecked, so do not make the mistake of letting dry skin go untreated.  Some people have dry skin because of genetic conditions or another disease and in these scenarios, only a doctor can effectively treat the dry skin.  Prevention is one of the best ideas when it comes to saving yourself the hassle of dealing with this annoying condition.  Prevention can begin by simply choosing more skin-friendly, harsh chemical-free soaps and cleansing products as well as a change in diet.

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FREE Rimmell 1-2-3 Looks Mascara

To celebrate the launch of their new Mascara, Rimmel are giving away 9,000 free full size 1-2-3 looks Mascara worth £7.99! For your chance to get one simply visit the site below linked below, register and answer the question. Easy peasy!

www.rimmellondon.com

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Eyebrow Threading

At the weekend I was browsing in my local department store and came across the Brow Bar which was a walk-in eyebrow threading counter. I watched in fascination as the beautician manipulated a long cotton thread between her mouth and fingers, twisting it to pluck out the hairs with amazing precision.

Threading is an ancient hair removal technique originating from India, the Middle & Far East and is taught in families, but is now growing in popularity with Westeners, especially since the introduction of these walk-in Brow Bars to shopping Centres & Department Stores.

So I decided to go for it. I lay back in the chair, and she began. I must admit it was more painful than I expected, I’ve always been a plucker and I can tolerate one hair at a time, but I could feel every single hair being pulled out by the root by this piece of thread and my eyes were watering like crazy! I always thought you were never supposed to remove hairs from the top of the brow but she threaded there too, then out came the scissors to trim the longer hairs!

Time to see the finished results – Wow! My skin is so red!! But my newly threaded eyebrows were a fabulous shape, somehow look longer than they did before and its so true that they really do frame your face. I’m addicted already!

Now to get out of here before I see anyone I know with a ridiculous red face but gorgeous eyebrows!

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